MIOMD-XI Speakers    
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1.  Dr. Gail Brown, Air Force Research Lab. USA
Late-Breaking Results: Electrical and Optical Studies on InAs/InGaSb VLWIR Superlattices
Speaker Biography: Dr. Gail J. Brown is a Principal Physicist with the Electronics and Optical Materials Branch of the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory. She has worked on developing semiconductor materials for infrared detector applications since 1980. Dr. Brown is the program manager for very long wavelength infrared detector materials and for quantum semiconductor materials. In addition she leads a research team studying the epitaxial growth, theoretical modeling and property characterization of InAs/Ga(In)Sb superlattices for infrared detection. Dr. Brown has co-authored over 200 papers and is a AFRL Fellow as well as a SPIE and APS Fellows.

Summary: InAs/InGaSb superlattice (SL) materials are an excellent candidate for infrared photodiodes with cut-off wavelengths beyond 15 µm, i.e. in the very long infrared wavelength (VLWIR) range. There are relatively few options for high performance infrared detectors to cover wavelengths longer than 15 µm, especially for operating temperatures above 15K. There are a variety of possible superlattice designs that will cover the VLWIR wavelength range, including designs with and without indium alloying of the GaSb layers. Transport modeling has shown that alloy scattering should not be a dominant factor in these superlattices so our focus is on designs with 25% indium in the gallium antimonide to achieve energy band gaps less than 50 meV with a superlattice period on the order of 68 Å. Similar to the work reported on InAs/GaSb LWIR and VLWIR superlattices, our designs employ InGaSb layers less than 7 monolayers in width. While the superlattice designs are strain balanced to the GaSb substrate, care was also taken to minimize strain spikes in the interfacial regions. High resolution transmission electron microscope images were analyzed to create strain mapping profiles of the SL layers and interfaces. By focusing on a narrow set of VLWIR SL designs, the deposition parameters for the molecular beam epitaxial SL growth could be carefully optimized.
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